History of Comayagua

Founded as Santa Maria de la Nueva Valladolid de Comayagua by orders of Conqueror of Yucatán, Don Francisco de Montejo, instructed his captain, Alonso Caceres, to stablish a city in a place that was equidistant between both oceans, tha Atlantic and the Pacific, and between the cities od Guatemala y Leon (Nicaragua). Thus, on the 8th of December 1537, captain Caceres took possesion of the land where the city is built today. The strategic location allow the city to become an important community in a short time, thus, receiving the title of “city” from King Charles I in 1557. The political and Religious Powers quickly settled here, making the city the political and cultural center of the province. After Spain granted Honduras its independence, Comayagua became the Capital City of the new Estate of Honduras.

Today, Comayagua is easily accessible by car. The main highway connecting the two most important cities in the country, Tegucigalpa (the capital city) and San Pedro Sula, passes just outside Comayagua. It is located about 50 miles north of Tegucigalpa and 90 miles south of San Pedro Sula. With an average altitude of 1,800 feet above sea level, its climate is rather warm during the day, but comfortably refreshing during the night. The city is nestled in the middle of a large valley surrounded by high mountains.

The city itself was built according to the Old Spanish tradition: a squared central park and streets laid out in a square fashion. Old homes and buildings are silent testimony of the city’s old heritage. Among the most impressive buildings are: the Comayagua Cathedral, the churches of La Merced and La Caridad, San Francisco and San Sebastian. Also, all the bishops’ residences and the Museum of Anthropology building, which was the Presidential House and also the National Congress of Honduras during the colonial time . Homes ,where independence heroes such as Jose Trinidad Cabañas and Francisco Morazan lived once, are still standing and have been declared national monuments.

The rich cultural and historical heritage that the city has to offer has attracted the attention Spanish Cooperation Agency, which in a joint effort with the Municipality of Comayagua and the Honduran Institute of Anthropology and History have begun an ambitious restoration project to rescue the city. The look of the downtown area has been transformed and the city now has regained its unique charm.

CREDITS: We thank "Honduras Tips" for the historical information provided.